Eid Milad an-Nabi (2)
In Praise and Commemoration of the Final Messenger of Allah
The Beloved Prophet's Birthday
Salla Allahu Ta'ala 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam
In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful, the Most Compassionate,
Peace & Blessings upon our Beloved Prophet, His Family & Companions
(1) Milad an-Nabi
(2) Milad Feast
(5) Du'a after Taraweeh
CHAPTER 1. (A)
ALLAH COMMEMORATES THE MAWLID OF VARIOUS PROPHETS
Proofs From al-Qur'an
Proof # 1
Proof # 2
Proof From Ahadeeth
Narrated Sayyadina Aws ibn Aws radi Allahu anh'':
The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam said:
Proofs From The Noble Qur'an
Proof # 1
Proof # 2
Proofs From the Noble Qur'an
Proof # 1.
Proof # 2.
Proofs From the Noble Qur'an
Proof # 1
Note that Allah Subhanahu wa ta'ala has mentioned the creation of Prophets' among the Bani Israel, separately from other favours, in order to especially highlight this.
Proof # 1
From the above it is amply clear that Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala has commemorated Mawlid of many of His Noble Prophets, and others who are worthy of His proximity.
From The Noble Qur'an
Proof # 1
"Allah has never sent a Prophet, from Adam alayhis asalam, unless he took from Him the covenant regarding Muhammad : if Muhammad is sent in that Prophet's lifetime, he was to believe in him and support him, and that prophet was to take this covenant to his people as well. (Sayyadina Ibn Abbas )
Proof # 2
Proof # 3
It is well known that Allah Subhanahu wa ta'ala' protected the Meccans from the attack of Abraha, and that this took place in the year of the beloved Prophet's birth. This event is an indication of the prestige of the Beloved Prophet [Allah bless him and give him peace], and a clear proof of Allah Subhanahu wa ta'ala's great favour in the year of the Beloved Prophet's birth.
Proof # 4
Proof # 5
Note here that Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala has sworn upon the entire life of His Beloved Prophet ; this includes the time of his noble birth!
Proof # 6
For further proofs, see CHAPTER 1 (C) and (D).
Proofs from the Noble Qur'an
Proof # 1
Proof # 2
Proof # 3
Note that the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam is one of Allah's 'Greatest favours to Mankind'!
Proof # 4
Note here the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam is a mentioned as a "Clear Proof" from Allah.
Proof # 5
Proof # 6
Note here the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam is a mentioned as a "Light" from Allah.
Proof # 7
Proof # 8
This verse clearly states that REJOICING upon the favours and Mercy from Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala is better that all worldly goods. And there is no doubt that the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam is :
This general permission from Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala applies to all His favours.
Proofs From The Noble Qur'an
Proof # 1
And indeed We sent Moosa along with Our signs that, "Bring your people from the realms of darkness into light - and remind them of the days of Allah; indeed in them are signs for every greatly enduring, grateful person." [Surah Ibrahim 14:5]
Explaining the previous verse, An-Nasa'i and 'Abdullah Ibn Ahmad report in 'Zawayd Al-Musnad' and Al-Bayhaqi in 'Shu'ab Al-Iman' reports on the authority of Ibn Ka'b that he said that the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam said: "The days of Allah" are Allah's Blessings and Signs, and the Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam's birth is a great bliss. (Al-Aloosi's Rooh Al-Ma'aani).
Proof # 2
Indeed following the Noble Messenger of Allah is better for you - for one who is confident of Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah much. [Surah Ahzab 33:21]
Proof # 3
Proof # 4
Proof # 5
And remember Ibrahim in the Book; he was very truthful, a Herald of the Hidden (a Prophet). [Surah Maryam 19:41]
Proof # 6
Proof # 7
Proof # 8
Proof # 9
Proof # 10
Proof # 11
Proof # 12
Note that we are ordered here to say the Purity of Allah ta'ala, along with honouring and revering the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam, morning and evening - that is, without fail.
CHAPTER 1. (F)
Proofs From the Noble Qur'an
Proof # 1
Indeed Allah and His Angels send Blessings on the Prophet; 'O People who Believe! Send blessings and abundant salutations upon him. [Surah Ahzab 33:56]
(Everlasting peace and unlimited blessings be upon the Most Beloved Prophet Muhammad.)
Proof # 2
And peace is upon him the day he was born, and the day he will taste death, and the day he will be raised alive. [Surah Maryam 19:15]
Proof # 3
Proof # 4
CHAPTER 1. (H)
Proofs From The Noble Qur'an
Proof # 1
Proof # 2
Note here that Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala has promised excellent reward for those who good deeds of their own accord (increase their non-obligatory worship) - for such Allah will be "Most Appreciative".
Proof # 3
Proof # 4
Note the superiority is by the sending of the Noble Messengers.
Proof # 5
The favour separately mentioned here is the advent of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam.
Proof # 6
Note that the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam is one of Allah's greatest favours to mankind.
Proof # 7
Note that the creation of Prophets is mentioned as a separate favour.
Proof # 8
Proof # 9
The "days of Allah" refers to days when various favours were bestowed.
Proof # 10
Note that we are commanded here to keep proclaiming the "favours" of our Lord Allah.
Proofs from the Noble Qur'an
Proof # 1
Proof # 2
Proof # 3
Proof # 4
Proof # 5
Proofs from the Ahadeeth
The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam commemorated his own Mawlid by Fasting. Sayyadina Qatadah Al-Ansaari radi Allahu anhu narrated that the Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam was asked about fasting on Monday and he replied:
This hadeeth is clear evidence of the importance of the commemoration of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam's birthday through worship. And Allah the Supreme has commanded in the Qur'an al kareem to follow his example ;
It is also important to note that the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam fixed a certain day, every week, for offering this gratitude. He did this for other matters also e.g. visiting Quba Mosque, visiting martyrs' graves at Uhud, etc. So if Muslims "fix" a certain day, this too is part of Sunnah. Al-Hafiz ibn Rajab al-Hanbali radi Allahu anhu, in his book Lataif al-maarif, explaining this hadeeth of 'Muslim' said,
Proof # 2
The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam celebrated his own Mawlid by offering extra Aqeeqah. Narrated Sayyadina Anas radi Allahu anhu that the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam slaughtered an Aqeeqah (sacrificial animal) on his own behalf, after receiving his first revelation. (Bayhaqi, Suyutee).
He did this 40 years after his birth, though one had been slaughtered by his grandfather when he was born. This is yet another solid evidence for increasing acts of worship and remembrance of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam's birth, for the Aqeeqah is an act of worship associated with a birth.
Proof # 3
The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam recalls his own creation Narrated from Jabir bin Abdullah radi Allahu anhu, that he said,
The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam recalls his excellent lineage, and his birth, and his Finality.
Proof # 4
Sayyadina Wathila b. al-Asqa' reported: I heard Allah's Apostle Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam as saying: Verily Allah granted eminence to Kinana from amongst the descendants of Isma'il and he granted eminence to the Quraish amongst Kinana and he granted eminence to the Quraish amongst Banu Hashim and he granted me eminence from the tribe of Banu Hashim. ( Muslim).
Proof # 5
Narrated Sayyadina Abu Hurayra radi Allahu anhu: Allah's Apostle Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam said,
Proof # 6
Allah's Apostle Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam said,
"I was cast into the clay of Adam and was the promise of my father Ibrahim and the good news of Isa ibn Maryam" (Sunan Ahmad, Bayhaqi, Hakim)
Proof # 7
The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam praised his own name and recited poetry about himself in the middle of the battle of Hunayn in order to encourage the companions and scare the enemies. That day he said:
Proof # 8
Sayyadina Jabir radi Allahu anhu reported Allah's Apostle Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam as saying: The similitude of mine and that of the Apostles is like that of a person who built a house and he completed it and made it perfect but for the space of a brick. People entered therein and they were surprised at it and said: Had there been a brick (it would have been complete in all respects). Allah's Apostle Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam said: I am that place where the brick (completing the building is to be placed), and I have come to finalise the chain of Apostles. ( Muslim)
Proof # 9
The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam said that Allah wrote the Destinies of the Creation fifty thousands years before He created the Heavens and Earth, and His Throne was on the Water, and among the things that have been written in the Zikr, which is the Mother of the Book, is that Muhammad is the Seal of Prophets. Sayyadina Al Irbadh ibn Sariya radi Allahu anhu, said that the Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam said,
Prior to presenting the proofs for the captioned subject, readers are requested to note the SHARIAH RULE that EVEN the MERE SILENCE of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam upon his witnessing of any event / action (and not preventing or expressly forbidding it) constitutes an implied approval of the same, and it thus becomes an approved action.
Proofs From The Ahadeeth
Proof # 1
The Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam's uncle al-'Abbas radi Allahu anhu composed poetry praising the birth of the Beloved Prophet, in which are found the following lines:
Proof # 2
The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam heard Sayyadina Anas radi Allahu anhu and other Companions praising him and reciting poems while digging before the famous battle of the Trench (Khandaq), as they said:
By the Grace of Almighty Allah, from the above, it has been amply proven that :
AND ALLAH KNOWS BEST
Peace & Abundant Blessings Be Upon Our Master Muhammad -
The Leader Of The Creation - and Upon His Progeny, His Companions, and All His Followers.
May Allah keep us on the Straight Path. Aameen.
by: M. Aqib Farid Qadri
Allah ta'ala Made all Creation through 'Nur-e-Muhammadi' or the 'Light of Muhammad'
"Logos" - The 'Holy' Spirit - The Light of Truth : Science
and logic both agree that this beautiful creation which we see all
around and of which we form a very small and significant part, must
have come out of something substantial. The astronomers theorise that
the entire universe has come out of a vast "Nebula", a
cloud-like gaseous group of atoms which formed a vague, hazy, and
indistinct formless mass. The planet we live in is a very small one
revolving round a small-to-medium-sized star called the "Sun"
which is itself revolving with millions of other such stars, in one
of the millions of galaxies in a boundless Universe.
Milky Way, the galaxy to which our Solar System belongs, is only of
average size, yet it is so vast it would take a rocket hurtling along
its diameter at 10.000 miles per minute more than eleven million
years to make the journey from end to end! A rocket travelling at the
same speed across our solar system from the Sun to its furthest
planet, Pluto, would take more than a month.
The "Medium" : Religions all over the world, monotheistic
or polytheistic, without any exception, admit that the almighty
Creator created first of all a "Medium", and through this
medium the entire Universe has been created. This medium has been
described in many of the religious works, even in Hinduism, as a
huge, formless, shapeless mass of cloud-like substance giving out a
"Nebula" : In other words, the description given by
the scientific astronomers, or the various religious teachers all
over the world belonging to different castes, colours, creeds and
nationalities, are all identical in substance viz.: the creation out
of a vast "Nebula".
is struck naturally with the awe-inspiring wonder as to what or who
this "medium" must be, through which has come about the
millions of galaxies and each galaxy with its millions of stars and
each star with its numerous planets, satellites, meteorites, comets,
and each of them filled with various wonders such as the rings around
Saturn or multicoloured nature on this earth of ours with all its
cannot help realising very clearly over here that the "medium"
through which everything has been created by Allah is indeed so very
immense that objects from it, i.e. the entire Universe appears to us
on Earth as boundless. But it is still bounded by objects having
shapes, designs, form and colours. On the other hand, let us try to
think how very much larger and greater must Allah, Who shows His
Omnipresence throughout the entire Universe. He does so not only in
each and every little object and atom, but He is also omnipresent in
all the vast spaces in between the various stars in all galaxies by
guiding each of them on a separate course at varying speeds, angles,
direction of travel and rotation.
indeed the only one who is "infinite" i.e. really
boundless, formless and undefinable. His "Infinity" - is
not affected in the least manner nor is He bounded in anyway - if one
little portion were to be taken out of Him to create the "medium",
because He is the Omnipresent, the all-prevailing , the limitless,
the formless and the boundless. In much the same way His Infinity
cannot increase if indeed it were possible to add something to Him.
Thus any addition or subtraction, even if possible, would not affect
the "infinity" of the indescribable Allah, nor would reduce
Him into a "finite" or limited being. This is also
confirmed in the Qur'an al-kareem as follows:
4] The Word of Allah : As in Science this "medium" has been termed
"Nebula", so also each religion has given its own name to
this medium. For example, the European Group of Nations popularly
called it by the Greek word "Logos", which stands for "The
word of God". It has also been termed in the 'Holy Bible' as the
"Holy Spirit". One of the names of the Beloved Prophet
Muhammad is "Amr Allah" i.e. "The Word of Allah"
or in the language of the Europeans: "Logos".
Isa alayhis salam [Jesus] is
quoted on pages 89-91, of the "The Gospel of Barnabas" as
saying:"Adam (upon being created), having sprung upon his feet,
saw in the air a writing that shone like the sun, which said: 'There
is only one God, and Muhammad is the Messenger of God'. Whereupon
Adam opened his mouth and said: "I thank Thee, O Lord my God,
that Thou has deigned to create me; but tell me I pray Thee what
meaneth the message of these words: " Muhammad is the
Messenger of God " : Have there been other men before me?"
Isa alayhis salam [Jesus] and all the earlier Prophets but also all Muslims believe that
the "Logos" or "the Holy Spirit" was the first
thing that Allah created. They call him by the name of
"Nur-e-Muhammadi" or the "Light of Muhammad". As
soon as this "Light of Truth" was created, he adored his
Creator. This is further confirmed in the following Divine
asked Prophet Muhammad Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam to
explain the phrase "I am first" in this passage, as Adam
alayhis salam and the other Prophets up to Isa alayhis salam [Jesus] were born on earth before him, and
all these Prophets were "Muslims" i.e. surrendered to the
will of Allah, so how could Muhammad claim to be the first of those
was then that the Beloved Prophet Muhammad Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa
Sallam explained that Allah had created him as "Nur-e-Muhammadi"
out of Himself many thousands of astronomical years before Allah
decided to create the Universe. The creation of "Nur-e-Muhammadi"
or the "Logos" was just as if you take up a bucket of water
from the vast oceans, and find no difference whatsoever in the
quantity of water in the Oceans, or with one candle you light another
and the former does not lose any of its light, whilst the next candle
is kindled. So also, the miraculous creation of "Logos" or
the lighting up of the "Nur-e-Muhammadi" by Allah, as it is
explained variously, made not the least difference or shortage in any
way in Allah, Who continued to remain His Infinite Self. it is ever
so easy for Allah to create whatsoever He wishes.
has only to order: "Be! and it is" (al-Qur'an III : 59),
"Let there be light : and there was light" (Genesis 1 : 3).
Hence all of Allah's works are miraculous events well beyond the ken
of human knowledge and comprehension.
Affection of Allah for His Beloved : Now let us consider
intelligently, what would happen if were to pour the water lifted
in a bucket from the vast ocean out of the bucket on the seashore?
You will surely see that the water from the bucket will try to flow
back into the ocean mass from which it has been separated. Thus also
was the case figuratively with Nur-e-Muhammadi! It prostrated itself
before its Creator in an effort to reach Him from Whom it emanated.
This was the first bowing before Allah. It pleased the Lord so very
much, that it is said, He enjoyed this adoration for
3,202,009,900,000 years. After this long period He was satisfied with
this and He thought of developing a creation out of this
'Nur-e-Muhammadi'. Thus started the creation of the Universe (page 46,
Vol. 1 Tafrihul Askia Ul Ambia). In appreciation Allah called this
'Holy Spirit', His "Mahboob" i.e. "beloved".
affection of Allah for His "Mahboob" or beloved finds
repeated expression in the "secret" code letters to be
found at the commencement of many of the "Surahs"
(Chapters) of the Qur'an al-kareem. These letters "Alif",
"Lam", "Mim" may be interpreted: Alif as the
first letter of "Ahad" or God the One and Alone.Lam as the
first letter of "La" i.e. there was nothing else. Mim for
the design created by the bowing of the Logos before his Lord, which
when added to the centre of "Ahad" or "God the One and
Alone" gives the name "Ah-M-ad", the original name of
the Beloved Prophet Muhammad. Accordingly the "Holy Spirit, the
'Light of Muhammad 'or Logos, became the first of those who prostrated
themselves before the Creator."These Code letters cover the
Secrets and the happiness that exist between Allah and His Beloved.
6] The meaning of "Ahmad" & "Muhammad" : The name
"Ahmad" represents "The illustrious one who praises
the Lord". From it has come the word "Hamd" which
means "praise". When Allah called him, His Mahboob or
beloved, he became "The praised one" or "Muhammad"
from the origin of the word "Hamd".
Creation of the Universe to Honour Allah's Beloved : Allah could very
well have created the universe by ordering: "Be!"
(al-Qur'an III : 59), but to honour His beloved "Nur-e-Muhammadi"
or "Logos", He decided to create the entire Universe
through this medium and bless everything thus created for the sake of
Allah started devising out of 'Nur-e-Muhammadi' each and every one of
the Angels, the countless Galaxies throughout the Universe and all
that is therein. Thus He honoured His Beloved. Nothing that was
created by Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala was out of anything else! Each and every thing that
has been created up till now and those that will be created in the
future will all emanate from this 'Holy Spirit', which has thus become
the "Light and Guidance" for the entire Universe.
all created beings and objects have come out of the same medium,
there is a common rule applicable to each one of them in as much as
they all have a beginning, a space of time for existence and an end,
even though the time period and the course of each is different and
individual. Since all creation has come out of one single source, it
is but natural that all creation can reach their goal only through
this source i.e. 'Holy' Logos - "Nur-e-Muhammadi", when they
receive their blessings from him and are comforted by him.
Beloved Prophet Muhammad, the owner of "Nur-e-Muhammadi"
therefore is the most sublime and exalted of all that exists and has
been created! Consequently he is supreme in regard to dignity and
rank amongst all creation. He is the chief of all arch angels and
superior to all creation. He is the "Nur" or "Light"
which guides the entire creation to the "All Truth" of
Allah. Therefore Allah has given him the title of
No other Prophet save and except the Beloved Prophet Muhammad Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam has ever claimed since the commencement of creation that he is the 'Holy Spirit' or 'Nebula' through which everything has been created. It was on this basis that Muhammad has confirmed "I was a Prophet, whilst Adam was between water and clay". No such claim has been made by anyone else since the creation of Adam alayhis salaam.
Confirmation in Gospel of Barnabas : This was also confirmed by Jesus to his followers in the under mentioned passages, from pages 225-227, of "The Gospel of Barnabas":"Then", said the Priest, "how shall the Messiah be called and what sign shall reveal his coming?"
answered: The name of the Messiah is Admirable, for God Himself gave
him the name when He had created his soul, and placed it in Celestial
splendour. God said: Wait Muhammad, for thy sake I will create
Paradise, the world and a great multitude of creatures, whereof I
make thee a present, insomuch that who shall bless thee, shall be
blessed, and whoso shall curse thee, shall be accursed. When I shall
send thee unto the world, I shall send thee as My Messenger of
salvation, (i.e. as the Promised Comforter) and thy word shall be
true, insomuch that heaven and earth shall fail, but thy faith shall
is his blessed name
the crowd lifted up their voices saying: 'O God, send us Thy
messenger. O Muhammad, come quickly for the salvation of the
world." - (Gospel of Barnabas, pages 225- 227).
References in the Bible:
The 'Holy Bible' also admits these fundamental truths, describing
Nur-e-Muhammadi as "The Holy Spirit", "The Spirit of
Truth" and "Logos" or "The Word of God" in
addition to "Comforter" or Blessings for the entire
Universe, as will be seen from the following quotations:
"In the beginning was the 'Word'and the 'Word'(of God or 'Logos') was with God ...
"The same was in the beginning with God.
"All things were made out of him (Logos) and without him there was not anything made that was made (by God).
In him was life; and the life was the light (Nur-e-Muhammadi) of men.
Ahmad Rahmat-Ul-lil-Aalameen" (now forged from the Original
Hebrew Aramaic Script into Greek as "Parakletos" which
stands for Illustrious Comforter. The Arabic translation of the New
Testament however still carries the name "Ahmad"), which is
the Holy Ghost (Logos) whom the Father will send in my name, he shall
teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance,
whatsoever I have said to you. (St John 14 : 26).
is obvious that the "Holy Light of Truth" himself must be
fairer than all beauties that have been created out of him. Grace and
blessings all the time should flow from his lips. The burden of the
management of Allah's kingdom, the entire creation, should be upon
his shoulders. Therefore he should be the most mighty, full of glory
and majesty amongst all creation. What he really is will thus be
known to only One, and that is to his Creator - Allah.
men say he is this or that, it is not of much value because people
may be influenced, but Allah says so in the various Holy Books then
there is no scope for contradictions. Disbelievers in the Divine
messages would naturally expose themselves for punishment from the
Lord as warned by Jesus in the Gospel of Barnabas quoted earlier.
Allah and (all) His Angels (continuously) send 'salluna' (i.e. prayers
of glorification) on the Prophet, (because he is Nur-e- Muhammadi
from which everything in the Universe has been created). 'O Ye who
believe! (you are ordered by Allah to) also send 'Sallu' (i.e. prayers
of glorification) on him and offer 'Sallemu' (i.e. Peace of Allah and
salutation) to him with 'tasleema'- a worthy (i.e. respectful)
manner. - (al-Qur'an 33 : 57).
THE COVENANT OF THE PROPHETS : Allah in order to honour His beloved
still further decided to give the most unique position in creation to
Muhammad, the Prophet, who is the "Logos" or the 'Holy
Spirit', through whom the entire creation has come about and through
whom the Universe will be blessed. This is confirmed from the sacred
covenant extracted from the Prophet Adam alayhis salam, the first man, and all
prophets that came after him up to and including Jesus, in the
following passage: "When Allah made (His) covenant with (all)
the Prophets (commencing from Adam to Jesus and said): Behold that
which I have given you of the Scripture and knowledge. And afterwards
there will come unto you (i.e. your followers, the promised and
foretold) messenger (Muhammad), confirming that which you possess
(i.e. Torah, Psalms, Evangel). Ye shall (instruct your followers to)
believe in him (and give up all the earlier teachings which would
have become corrupted before the advent of Muhammad) and ye shall
(instruct your followers) to help him. He (Allah) asked: Do ye agree
and will ye take up My burden (which I am placing upon you) in this
matter? They (all the prophets from Adam to Jesus) confirmed: We
agree. He (Allah) said:
"Then whosoever after this shall turn away: they will be miscreants" - (al-Qur'an 3 : 82).
On pages 105 of "Gospel of Barnabas" Jesus confirms:
answered Jesus: Verily I say unto you, that Satan ever seeketh to
annul the laws of God; and therefore he and his followers, hypocrites
and evil-doers, the former with false doctrine, the latter with lewd
living, today have contaminated almost all things, so that scarcely
is the truth found. Woe to the hypocrites: for the praises of this
world turn for them into insults and torments in hell.
therefore say unto you that the messenger of God is a splendour that
shall give gladness to nearly all that God hath made, for he is
adorned with the spirit of understanding and of counsel, the spirit
of wisdom and might, the spirit of fear and love, the spirit of
prudence and temperance; he is adorned with the spirit of charity and
mercy, the spirit of justice and piety, the spirit of gentleness and
patience which he (individually) had received from God three times
more than He hath given to all His creatures (put together).
blessed time, when shall he come to the world: Believe me that I have
seen him and have done him reverence, even as every prophet hath seen
him: seeing that if his spirit God giveth to them prophecy (i.e.
prophethood). And when I saw him my soul was filled with consolation,
saying: 'O Muhammad, God be with thee, and may he make me worthy to
untie thy shoe-latchet, for obtaining this, I shall be a great
prophet and holy one of God.'
Submit to divine wishes
: Today's scientific progress in nuclear weapons of mass destruction
has given the world the very tools by which Allah will make us
destroy ourselves, because of our disobedience to His Universally
'Light of Muhammad 'dispelled dark ages' :
When NUR-E-MUHAMMADI came on earth as the Promised mankind everywhere
had fallen into such depths of ignorance that it threatened the very
existence of man. Europe was in the midst of her Dark Ages. Arabia
was even worse off! The promised Prophet Muhammad, the Holy
Spirit, the Light of Truth came and guided mankind to "Al Islam"
or "Surrender to the Will of the Almighty Creator, without any
scope for distinctions of caste, colour, creed, languages or
nationality". He started a force of universal love, unity and
brotherhood. He thus laid the foundations for Allah's Kingdom on
Earth - Thy will be done on Earth as it is in Heaven".The extent
to which mankind progressed and developed in the thirty years after
Muhammad passed away from earthly life, was not achieved by the
children of Adam in the 4 500 years before his time. Thus Islam
educated the ignorant people of the earth from the shores of the
Atlantic to China in such a way as to provide security, rights of
women, basis for abolition of slavery by giving everybody equal
rights, and freedom of speech, freedom from fear, the protection of
the weak, and social democracy.
'Islam communicated its first glow to European Life':
This was followed by a period of three hundred years in which the
greatest philosophers, artists, mathematicians, scientists and
educationalists were able to shine out from Islam and instruct Europe
whilst she was still in her Dark Ages. Says Briffault in his "The
Making of Humanity": "Neither Roger Bacon nor his later
namesake has any title to be credited with having introduced the
experimental method. Roger Bacon was no more than one of the apostles
of Muslim science and method to Christian Europe... Science is the
momentous contribution of Arab civilisation to the modern world,
(though) it was not science alone which brought Europe back to life.
Other and manifold influences from the civilisation of Islam
communicated its first glow to European life."(p.202).
then man has continued this progress initiated by Prophet Muhammad,
the Logos. For example, what man has achieved in the past couple of
centuries is greater than what had been accomplished in the previous
6 000 years. This progress is still continuing day by day with more
impressive discoveries and scientific achievements. All this is
thanks to Nur-e-Muhammadi or 'Light of Muhammad'(which in the words
of Briffault, "communicated the first GLOW to European life"
and thus to humanity, through the followers of Prophet Muhammad)
coming on earth as the final Promised Prophet!
Taught new meaning on Creations of God
: Thus Muhammad, the Logos, taught for the first time since the
advent of Man that the sun, the moon, the heaven. the rivers, the
hills, the seas, the earth and all elements in them are not only
subservient to man, but are also for man's benefit, comfort,
upliftment and service. The Qur'an also confirms repeatedly these
teachings. One example is quoted hereunder: "Allah is He, Who
created the heavens and the earth, and causeth water to descend from
the sky, thereby producing fruits as food for you, and maketh the
ships to be of service unto you (for trading, fishing and acquiring
food and carrying cargoes), that they may stay afloat (to run) upon
the sea at his command; and hath made of service unto you the rivers
(of water, Oil and underground natural gas and the underground veins
of metals, coal, ores and chemicals);
All praise be to Allah through His creation of "Nur-e-Muhammadi" not only we human beings, but all other creation came into being for the service of man.
Witnessing of "NUR-E-MUHAMMADI" & the Miraculous Events before & after
the Birth of the Most Beloved Prophet Muhammad Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa 'saabihi wa Sallam
Martyrdom of Prophet John (Yahya): The forerunner of Jesus of
Nazareth, the son of the Virgin Mary, was the Prophet John, son of
Zakariah. He was beheaded by King Herod, the Tetrarch of Galilee, as
recorded in the Bible:"And he (Herod) sent, and beheaded John in
the prison." (St Matthew, 14 :10)
Prophecy of Jesus on the Birth of the Father of the Promised Prophet Muhammad : The Prophet John's body was buried by his disciples, as
the Bible states: "And his disciples came, and took up the body,
and buried it, and went and told Jesus." (St Matthew, 14 : 12).
tried to wash the blood-stained clothes but the blood-stains would
not be washed away. Because Jesus was one of the disciples of the
Prophet John, they went and reported the matter to Jesus (St Matt. 14
: 12). Jesus foretold that these blood-stains would not come off the
clothes until the date of the birth of the father of the Promised
Prophet. On this day the blood would become fresh and by itself flow
off the clothes miraculously, leaving them pure white!
the date of the birth of Abdullah, the father of Muhammad, the Jewish
Elders in Syria saw the blood-stains become fresh and drip off
miraculously from the Prophet john's preserved blood-stained clothes,
until they became pure white. Thereupon some of the learned Jews came
from Palestine and Syria to Mecca to enquire about this new-born
child. When they saw the "Nur-e-Muhammadi" (Light of
Muhammad) on the forehead of the child Abdullah, they recognised him
and said this is "Nur-e-Muhammadi" of the Promised Prophet
they realised that Abdullah was going to be the father of the
Promised Prophet as foretold by Jesus in relation to the
blood-stained clothes of John, the son of Zakariah (pages 10 and 12
of "Ahsan-UL-Muwaiz" in Urdu by Maulana Muhammad Ebrahim
Qadri, Dehelvi, published by Qutubkhana Rashidiah, Urdu Bazar, Juma
MURDER THE FATHER OF THE PROMISED PROPHET : The Jews of those days,
who were famous for murdering their prophets, decided to send an
armed band of 90 persons from Syria to kill Abdullah. This incident
took place when Abdullah had grown up into a young man, but before he
got married. Thus they conspired to prevent the birth of the Promised
Prophet Muhammad, so as to ensure that the prophethood, which for so
long had been amongst the children of Isaac (i.e. the Jews) may not
get transferred to the children of Ishmael i.e. their brethren tribe,
as foretold repeatedly in the 'Holy Bible' (Deuteronomy 18 :18, 19;
Acts 3 : 21-25). Deuteronomy 18 :18 states: "I shall raise them
up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put
my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall
command him." (Deuteronomy, 18 :18).
these assassins got their golden opportunity. Abdullah had gone out
hunting alone in one of the surrounding areas. Wahb bin Abdul Munaf,
his would-be-father-in-law, was also out hunting on that day. He saw
from a distance that Abdullah was suddenly encircled on all sides by
90 armed men with drawn swords, all proceeding to attack the
defenceless Abdullah. Wahb ibn Abdul Munaf and his men rushed to the
rescue of Abdullah. But before they could even take a few steps, he
(Wahb ibn Abdul Munaf) saw that a number of horsemen came down from
the sky. These slew all the 90 attackers, and Abdullah was saved even
before assistance could reach him.
MARRIAGE OF ABDULLAH : Wahb bin Abdul Munaf then took Abdullah safely away from the pile of the 90 corpses to his brother Abdul Muttaleb, the father of Abdullah. After relating the incident he proposed that his nephew Abdullah be married to his young daughter Amena. Accordingly they were married. The very night of their marriage, the "Nur-e-Muhammadi" went from the forehead of Abdullah into the forehead of Amena. This was Friday the 12th of the Lunar Month of Jamadi-Us-Sani (page 8, Vol. II, Tafrihul Askia Fil Ahwal Ul Ambia). Shortly after Abdullah left for Yathrib (now known as Madinah). He did not return because he died on the return journey.
OF ANGELS AND EARLIER PROPHETS TO THE PREGNANT MOTHER FORETELLING
THAT HER CHILD WOULD BE THE PROMISED PROPHET : Amena informed the
household members that she was often being visited by angels and the
previous prophets who announced that the child in her womb was
Muhammad, the Promised Prophet, through whom the world would be
blessed. They thought that perhaps some evil spirits might be
appearing to Amena, so just a few days before the birth, they chained
her up, so that the hand-cuffs and the chains made of iron would act
as charms to ward off the evil spirits. That night she beheld an aged
man come to her. he touched the iron of the handcuffs and chains and
they broke and fell away from her neck and hands, and she became
free. She asked him who he was. The old man replied that he was
"Ibrahim Khalil Allah" i.e. Prophet Abraham, the friend of
Abraham alayhis salam said Allah had ordered him to sacrifice Ishmael, who was then
his one and only son. At that point in time he had no news of any
more children or grand-children. Therefore he had taken Ishmael to
sacrifice him on mount Monah in accordance with Allah's orders.
Ishmael, however, was saved miraculously and a ram was killed instead
of him. When this happened and his beloved Ishmael was saved, he had
prayed to the Creator that his child be blessed with the Promised
Prophet through whom the world be blessed, and which prayer Allah had
accepted. This promise of Allah was now going to be fulfilled when
the child in Amena's womb was born. In the Bible, Genesis 22 : 18
confirms that promise to Abraham: "And in thy seed (through this
one and only child Ishmael) shall all the nations of the earth be
blessed; because thou hast obeyed My voice."
than said to Amena: "The child now in your womb, whose name will
be Muhammad, is the only prophet from the descendants of my first son
and heir, Ishmael" (pages 17 and 18, "Ahsan Ul
Muwaiz"). Abraham explained that the reason for the visit of
angels to her and the earlier prophets was due to the fact that she
was to be the mother of the Promised Prophet. Thus Amena became the
third woman in the whole of creation to receive direct visits of
Angels. The first was her ancestral grandmother Princess Hagar of
Egypt, the second wife of Abraham. The second was the Virgin Mary,
the mother of Jesus.
Birth of Muhammad (May Allah Bless Him)
: Amena stated that as soon as the labour pains of child birth
started, an angel came and asked her to drink from a cup in his hand.
This drink was whiter than milk and sweeter than honey. As soon as
she drank this heavenly drink her pain disappeared and all fear left
her (pages 33-34, Vol. II, Ajaibul Kasas). Amena then saw the gates
of Heaven open. The angels came for the adoration of the new babe.
Three angels went towards the Ka'abah. One angel stayed over the
Ka'abah, one went to the East and the other towards the West. A light
then spread out lighting up the universe. In this miraculous light,
Amena stated, she could see distinctly the palaces of Palestine and
Syria (pages 18-19, Ashsan Ul Muwaiz).
four unknown ladies appeared miraculously before Amena to attend to
the child-birth (pages 43-44, Vol. II, Ajaibul Kasas). The first, who
was very tall, said, she was Eve, the mother of mankind. The second
was Sarah, the mother of the Prophet Isaac, and the grandmother of
Jacob, whose children were the Israelites, to pave the way for the
forgiveness of the Jews, if they followed this child (Muhammad). The
third was Princess Hagar of Egypt, the mother of Prophet Ishmael. She
came, with Otto ( a sweet-smelling essence) from Heaven, to express
her love for this great grand-child from the descendants which
fulfilled Allah's promise to her husband Prophet Abraham: "the
world would be blessed through thy seed" (Genesis 22 : 18).The
fourth was Queen Asiya, daughter of Mazahim. She was the wife of the
Pharaoh of the time of Moses. She was that queen of Egypt who brought
up Moses from a little child when he was found floating in the basket
on the river Nile. She was the first person in the Pharaoh's court
who believed in Allah upon seeing how small miraculous snake made by
the staff of Moses ate up the bigger snakes of the Egyptian
magicians. Whereupon the enraged Pharaoh tortured her severely, but
in spite of this she refused to give up her faith.
the Pharaoh had her (Asiya) publicly stripped naked and thrown into
the fire, thus allowing her to wear the glories of a martyr's crown.
This treatment was also given to those magicians who had converted to
the truth taught by Moses upon seeing how the small snake made by the
staff of Moses miraculously ate up the larger magical snakes.
IN THE HANDS of these four great nurses was Muhammad born with his foreskin already circumcised miraculously, with his navel cord already separated miraculously from his mother's body and his body miraculously pure and clean without any kind of blood or filth on it (pages 10-13, Vol. II, Tafrihul Askia Fil Ahwal Ul Ambia).
was Muhammad born on Monday the 12th of the lunar month of Rabi
al-Awwal at dawn, i.e. the time between the end of the night and the
commencement of daylight, 53 lunar years before Hijrah, which
corresponded to 20th April 570 A.D.
Miraculous happennings after Birth :
Immediately upon birth, the child Muhammad miraculously did
prostration to Allah and recited miraculously in a clear voice with
his right hand index raised miraculously, as if in the act of giving
evidence (page 13, Vol. II, Tafrihul Askia Fil Ahwal Ul Ambia) and
said the following words:
At once Allah spoke to His beloved as one who speaks face to face with his friend and replied:Translation from the Arabic:
After the Adoration of Allah and giving evidence of His Oneness, the child
Muhammad picked up miraculously a handful of earth from the ground in
his tiny fist. When this incident was related to Abu Lahab (the Uncle
of the Beloved Prophet), he foretold that one day this child would
become the ruler of this world (page 20, Vol. I, Ahsan Ul Muwaiz).
angels appeared. One of them took a seal and marked the right
shoulder and handed over the child to the mother (page 13, Vol. II,
Tafrihul Askia Fil Ahwal Ul Ambia). A voice announced: "Ruler of
the whole Universe, the Universe is your slave" (page 13, Vol.
II, of ibid). When Amena looked upon the face of the child it was
shining like a full moon and perfume of the finest otto was coming
from the body (page 21, Vol. I. Ahsan Ul Muwaiz) as foretold in the
Song of Solomon, 5 : 8-16.
Incidents experienced by Abdul Muttaleb at the time of the Birth of Muhammad :
Abdul Muttaleb, the grandfather of Muhammad, and some other Meccans,
were at the Ka'abah at this early hour before dawn. All of a sudden
they were surprised to see the walls of the Ka'abah bow miraculously
before "Mukam-e-Ebrahim" or the "Station of Abraham",
a construction near the Ka'abah, where Abraham had stood and prayed
during the building of the Ka'abah.
miraculously the Ka'abah spoke as follows: (Translation from the
Muttaleb hearing the walls of the Ka'abah talk and seeing all the
idols fall, ran home to verify if his daughter-in-law had given birth
to a child. He did not find Nur-e-Muhammadi shining from Amena's
forehead. He thus knew the child was already born, so he asked Amena:
"Please show me, where is my grandchild."
replied that Muhammad was in the nest room but nobody could see him
for three days, as the angels and the dwellers of heaven were paying
homage to the child. Abdul Muttaleb tried to force his way into that
room but he was confronted by an angel with a drawn sword, who told
the grandfather not to advance any further and that he could not see
the child until the spiritual dwellers of heaven had completed their
adoration. Abdul Muttaleb wanted to tell the Meccans but he was struck
dumb, strangely for three days just as Zakariah had been struck dumb
at the time of the birth of his son Prophet John (St Luke 1: 57-63)
he had been born at Mecca and gave a full description of him as
"Nur-e-Muhammadi", through whom the universe should be
blessed. Amer had a deformed daughter. She was also seeing and
hearing all that was taking place. She prayed aloud:
impressed were they all at this miracle performed by merely taking
his name, that the family journeyed to Makkah to pay homage to this
holy child. They traced Abdul Muttaleb, the grandfather of Muhammad,
and asked him to show them this wondrous child Muhammad. On seeing
his marvellous face, Amer bowed before the child and collapsed out of
joy and died on the spot. Thus Amer was honoured as the first martyr
out of love for Muhammad (pages 23-24, Ahsan Ul Muwaiz).
Roman Emperor and the Birth of Muhammad :
The Roman Emperor Justin II was frightened and alarmed on the date of
the birth of Muhammad. Because when he went into the royal Chapel to
pray on that morning he was very much surprised to find that the
beautiful statue of Jesus Christ had very strangely come out of its
firm base and was lying on the ground. It reminded him of the
foretelling of Jesus that on the date of the birth of the Promised
Prophet all idols all over the world would fall down (page 169,
Gospel of Barnabas). As he lifted up the idol of Christ it spoke and
again fell on its face onto the floor and declared:
This child would be the greatest personage to come on earth and he
would be from amongst the circumcised people.
This Baby was not from a Jewish family but from the brethren of the
Jews, i.e. a tribe which was related by blood to the Jews!
He would be a destroyer of idols and lay the foundation for the
destruction of idolatry.
Those who would not listen to his teachings would be losers in this
earth and in the hereafter.
Universal celebration on the Birth of Muhammad : Not only did the angels of heaven, the trees and the mountains celebrate the birth of Muhammad as is evident from the incidents of Amer of Yemen given herebefore, but all the animals also celebrated on the night of the birth of Muhammad. This is evident from the recordings on page 14 of "Ahsan Ul Muwaiz". In fact the whole universe rejoiced at his birth.
THE RULING ACCORDING TO ISLAMIC LAW IN JUSTIFICATION OF:
(1) Milad an-Nabi
(2) Milad Feast
(5) Du'a after Taraweeh
Question no. 1 : Is it permissible to hold Meelad an-Nabi (Prophet’s Birthday) functions in the month of Rabi-ul-Awwal or during any other month by invitation, with fixation celebration and necessity?
Question no. 2 : Is it permissible to stand while sending salutations upon the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam during Moulood gatherings?
Question no. 3 : Is it permissible to address the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam in the first person, like as in:
Oh Prophet, Peace upon thee! (Ya Nabi Salaam Alayka)
Oh Messenger, Peace upon thee! (Ya Rasool Salaam Alayka)
Oh Beloved, Peace upon thee! (Ya Habeeb Salaam Alayka)
Question no. 4 : Is it permissible during Rabi-ul-awwal or any other month to prepare food for Meelad-un-Nabi and feed Muslims or distribute the food among them?
Question no. 6 : Is it permissible on Fridays before the Imam ascends the mimbar to recite ‘tarqiyya’ i.e. the famous verse 'Innallaha wa malaaikatuhu ...' loudly?
Answers to Questions 1, 2, 3 & 4
Proof no. 1 : From the enlightened period of the four Caliphs there is sufficient and strong proof that the esteemed Companions of the Beloved Prophet Muhammad Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam had established in their homes and in the gatherings 'Meelad-un-Nabi'. Further, all the mentors, accomplished saints and learned of Islam held Moulood functions by invitation and fixation and celebration, and the necessity, thereby engaging in this great act of worship with much spiritual felicity.'Eulogy of the Prophet, to me, is good worship. The hypocrite cannot tolerate this, my servitude.
PROPHET'S DAY, Life of the Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam 'Mouloodun-Nabi', 'Meelad Jalsa', to have any of these gatherings on an arranged day, by invitation, with celebration and with consistent necessity and to recite Salaat-o-salaam, addressing the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam standing, and to prepare food, all these are actions of worship, and hence recompensible.‘In the heart of a Muslim is entrenched the honour of Mustafa Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam.
Proof no. 2 : In Moulood an-Nabi and poetic salaam there is only Durood and Salaam and the life of the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa Sallam) which is related to the people and they are thus informed of the Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa Sallam)'s exemplary actions and of his practical life. This is Islam’s most important obligation and best form of worship, and herein is success and goodness for all Muslims.
Allah, The Most High, says:
'In the Prophet of Allah there is for you an excellent exemplar'.
That it is necessary for you to learn the ways of the Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa Sallam) and then follow in his footsteps, because his person is the fountainhead of all blessings. Surah Ahzab Verse 22, in this verse Allah The Almighty commands us that establish the Meelad, record the life of the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa Sallam) through talks and through poetic expression and engender his exemplary behaviour and salute and bless him and direct the Muslims herein so that they can act fully. This verse of the Qur'an al-kareem supports the holding of Moulood an-Nabi.
Proof no. 3 : The Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa Sallam)'s distinction as being the Best of the Prophets is a fact whereupon the people of Islam have concurred. Allama Taftazani (upon him peace) states that all Muslims are united in that the Beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) is the Crown of all Creation. (Sharah Fiqah Akbar - Page 22).
THUS, is understood herefrom that, if anyone does not regard the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam as the best of the Prophets or disengages from his laud and praise or displays disregard for the Moulood an-Nabi or Durood and Salaam or the standing up in respect of the Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam, or to partake in the food, or he rejects these actions, or says it is a bad innovation, or uses disrespectful terms about them, then doubtless such a person, in the view of AHL AS-SUNNAT WAL JAMA'AT, is lost, astray, leads astray and there is fear of disbelief - Allah's Protection thereform.
Proof no. 4 : 'Without doubt, the Night of the birth of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam is more majestic then the Night of Majesty (LAILAT AL-QADR)'. (From MAJMUAT AL-FATAWA, Page 87, Vol. 1 by Allama Lucknawi).
Proof no. 5 : The birth of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam is an event of great happiness and immense felicity and rejoicing and this happiness is not confined to time and place, but in fact the LOVE of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam is entrenched within every believer at all times.
IN AN AUTHENTIC : Hadith (reported by Bukhari and Muslim), the Prophet of Islam Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam declares! None of you shall be believers until I become more beloved to him than his children, his parents and all mankind', and in a further narration: '...than his life and his possessions and his family! A poet says: Without love of the Prophet none reaches Allah,
He who is not the Prophet’s is not Allah’s.
In whose eyes there is an absence of LOVE,
He shall never behold the beauty of the beloved.
Belief is incomplete without the Prophet’s LOVE,
Any monotheist shall never a Muslim be.
Prayer, alms fast and pilgrimage all done,
alas, then too, I can never be a Muslim.
Until I am sacrificed to the honour of Mustafa (peace be upon him),
God Witness - my belief shall never attain perfection. The Shaykh of Orators, Allama Ibni Nabata says:
"The hateful infidel Abu Lahab, freed his slaves Thuwaiba in happiness, when she brought him the news of the Glorious Prophet’s birth! Because of this display of happiness at the Birth of the Beloved Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), Abu Lahab, a kaafir, receives reprieve in his punishment on the eve of every Monday! So what a believer, a lover of the Beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) who in the happiness of the Prophet’s (Salla Allahu alayhi wa Sallam) birth holds celebration, recounts the events of the birth of the Beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) in prose and poetry, recites Durood and Salaam, stands in respect, prepared food? Indeed his is great reward and elevated station.
Proof no. 6 : Allama Ibni Jawzi and Shaykh Abdul Haq Muhaddith of Delhi (Allah's Mercy upon them) declares that: "Whichever Muslim holds the Moulood Shareef of the Beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) and recites or enrols others to recite in prose or poetry or through lectures or discourses about the Beloved Prophet’s (Salla Allahu alayhi wa Sallam) life, his battles, his miracles or his noble character, then there shall be thousands of blessings for such implementers of good.
"The Noble Companions (on whom be peace) enlightened their gatherings with the remembrances of the Great Prophet (peace be upon him). To recite Moulood Shareef and to establish such gatherings in a means of reward in both worlds. There is no type of sin whatever therein, and in the Hadith it is substantiated to gather people for occasions of happiness.
"Hadrat Bilal (Allah be pleased with him) gathered the people on direction of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam and talked to them about the Prophet’s Birth. Shariat has permitted the celebration of the Prophet’s Birthday and the establisher thereof is deserving of great rewards." (Majmua tul-Fatawa Vol. 2 Page 282)
Proof no. 7 : In an authenticated narration, Hadrat Abi Mas’ood Al-Ansari (Allah be pleased with him) reports that the Beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) says that any Muslim who institutes a commendable practice in Islam, he will receive reward therefor, and whoever acts thereupon, he shall receive that reward too, without their reward diminishing. (Muslim - Mishkaat Vol. 1 Page 97).
Proof no. 8 : Whichever Muslim calls another Muslim towards works of good and invites him to such action, then he will enjoy the rewards of the implementer of that action. (Muslim - Mishkaat Vol. 1 Page 96).
Proof no. 9 : Hadrat Allama Mawlana Hay Lucknawi (Allah’s Mercy on him), writes: "The majority of leaders of a Spiritual Order (Mercy upon them) have been intimated through dreams that the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam showed happiness at the celebration of Meelad Shareef." Shaykh al-Islam Hadrat Mawlana Shah Abd 'al-Haq Muhaddith of Delhi (Allah’s Mercy be upon him) states:
"The Muslim masses of Makkah Muazzama, Madinah Munawwara, Basra, Yemen, Persia, India and Pakistan, after the sighting of the moon for the month of Rabi ul awwal, rejoice and celebrate Meelad-un-Nabi and organise, invite and with predetermination set about to hold functions. Also during other months on different dates Meelad an-Nabi is held where people rejoice and become recipients of reward."
The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam states:
Proof no. 10 : To inform the Muslims about the Great, Glorious Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam of Allah, to recite Moulood Shareef, to send Salaat and Salaam in Urdu verse as is customarily read or in any other form, and to stand while reciting salaam, and to feed the people and to distribute sweets is permissible and proper. None of the Ulama of the Ahl as-Sunnat Wal Jama'at have differed about this.
Imam Muhammad Buseeri (Allah's Mercy upon him) writes in his Qasseda Burda Shareef: 'Say whatever thou want in his praise for whatever is said will all be fitting and correct to his person'.
‘Say everything you wish in appraisal of your Prophet, only do not view him as the Christians called Hadrat Isa (peace be upon him)’ i.e. do not assign son hood.
Allah The Almighty says:
'And (Oh' Prophet!) We have Elevated for you your remembrances' (Surah Alam-Nashrah, Verse 4).
Allah The Almighty says in a Hadith-e-Qudsi:
In the adhaan, iqamat, Friday sermon, in the Kalimah Tayyiba, in the Tahiyyat the name of the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa Sallam) is mentioned with the name of Allah. On the doors of paradise and upon the portals of the Arsh, the esteemed name of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam is engraved. Amongst the Prophets and the Angels, his name is elevated.
In the world all sane people take his name with reverence and request and where Allah Almighty has commanded His Obedience he has also impressed upon the following of His Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam. When Allah is remembered by His creation, then the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam is also remembered. Allah Himself sends Salaam upon the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam and Commands others to do the same!
Proof no. 11 : To celebrate the birth of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam, with happiness and to praise him, to scent the gathering with perfume and rosewater and to lighten the atmosphere with the sweet melody of salaam, is all in all a means to earning reward and great blessing. How blessed is that heart that has, with the fervent warmth of love and devotion, gathered the people at the function of Meelad and made them happy with food, sweets and salaam. Clean and pure are those tongues that speak with high praise of the Great Prophet of Allah. ‘The moon split, the tree prostrated, the sun obeyed and the stone spoke. With all that, I do not say: Thou art God’. In an authentic narration the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam says:
Proof no. 12 : Allah says in a Hadith-e-Qudsi: Oh Prophet, 'I have made your remembrances, so whosoever remembers thee, in fact has remembered ME'. Allah The Almighty says in the Qur'an al-kareem :
In another verse Allah says:
Allama Sayyad Ja'far Barzanji (Allah's Mercy upon him) writes in his book 'Moulood Barzanji'. To stand while reciting salaam upon the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam or to stand while mentioning the birth events of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam is a good action. Leaders of the Narrators have deemed the standing in 'Meelad Shareef' as desired and good. Thus, happiness for him who stands for the respect of the Beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) and whose aim and wish is the honour of the Illustrious Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam. (Majmuatul-Fatawa, Vol. 2, Page 284).
Proof no. 13 : In a Hadith-e-Qudsi Allah says: 'Everybody seeks my favour and I seek your happiness Oh Muhammad'.
"Both worlds want Allah’s favour.
Allah wants Muhammad’s favour!
Soul of Imaan, kernel of the Qur’an, life of religion
All this is the LOVE of Rahmatul-lil-Alameen!"
"In takbeer and kalima, in prayer and azaan
The name of Muhammad is joined at Allah’s.
Upon every tent and palace, upon every dome
You will find beautified by the name of Muhammad.
Says Adam: I found in the wideness of paradise
Proof no. 14 : To prepare (niyaz/lungar) food at Meelad-un-Nabi gathering and to feed the people or distribute to them is an action of many learned, leaders, spiritual mentors and stains. Such an action is termed ‘mandoob’ or ‘hasan’ i.e. the implementor of such action received great reward. HADRAT SHAYKH Abdul Haq Muhaddith of Delhi (Allah’s Mercy upon him) says: The benefits of Moulood an-Nabi are:
1. The rejoicers of Moulood-un-Nabi will enjoy peace and safety that year.
2. He will receive glad tidings from Allah of the realisation and fulfilment of his wishes and desires. (Majmuatul-Fatawa-Allama Abdul Hay Lucknawi, Page 286).
Proof no. 15 : In the collections of Hadrat Abdullah Ibni Masood (Allah be pleased with him) is mentioned by him that : ‘That which Muslims deem good, it is good in the eyes of Allah.’(Masnad Ahmad, Tibrani, Durre Mukhtar Vol. 4, Page 32; Majumatul Fatawa Vol. 1, Page 342; Fatawa Azizi Vol. 1, Page 93).
Proof no. 16 : To hold 'Moulood Shareef' is one of the great actions to attain nearness to Allah and this is obtained by feeding the people, reciting the Qur'an and by recitation of the praises of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam. (Resala Moulood Page 224, Hassan Ibni Ali Azhari Mudabigui - Resala Hasnul-Maqsad fi Amalil-Maulud, Page 22 - Allama Jalaluddin Suyuti).
Proof no. 17 : Im Makkah Mukarrama, Madina Munawwara, Yemen, Persia, Egypt, Basra, India, Pakistan and other country’s people, during Rabi al awwal or other months, celebrate with great splendour Prophet’s Day and hold Meelad gatherings, where Qur’an al-kareem is recited, the Prophet Salla Allahu alayhi wa Sallam's praises are sung, food is fed or distributed - people engage in all this with magnitude and purpose.
Proof no. 18 : Ibni Abil Majd says: 'Oh lover of the Prophet, immerse yourself in his love and perfume your tongue by his remembrance, and care not about the rejecters, because the sign of Allah’s LOVE is the love of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam’. (Kitab Jauhar-ul-Jur, Page 30). Hadrat Ali (Karamallahu wajhahu) says: ‘The Beloved Prophet is more dear to us than our wealth, our children, our fathers, our forebears, our mothers, and more dear to us than cold water at the time of severe thirst.' (Kitab Jauhar-ul-Jur, Page 30).
Proof no. 19 : Allama Mawlana Abul-Khattab Maghribi (Allah's Mercy upon him) one of the renowned Ulama, wrote the first book on Moulood which he named 'Kitabul-Tanweer fi Moulod Basheerin-Nazeer', wherein, during the 7th Century Hijri, he writes this narration: "Hadrat Abdullah Ibn Abbas reported that one day at his home he was discussing with others the events of the Birth of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam and the listeners were enhanced by what they heard, they thanked Allah and sent Durood upon the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu alayhi wa Sallam. At this time the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam came to them, suddenly, and said to them: My intercession for you is made accepted." (At-tanweer, Page 25).
From this is proven that the Companions of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam loved and believed in establishing Meelad-un-Nabi and invited people to listen to the events of the Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam's life and his birth. Rejecters of Meelad, dishonourers of the Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam should take heed of this action of this great Companion of the Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam), his cousin, the great Qur'anic commentator, Hadrat Abdullah ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with him), and repent from their bad beliefs. ALLAH, The Almighty, says:
Proof no. 20 : It is reported by Hadrat Abu Darda (Allah be pleased with him) that he accompanied the beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam to the house of Hadrat Aamir Ansari (Allah be pleased with him) where he was relating to his children and his tribe, whom he gathered, the events of the Birth of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam and repeated: 'This is the day, this is the day.'
The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam exclaimed: ‘Definitely Allah has opened His doors of Mercy upon thee, and all the Angels Beseech Allah for thy forgiveness; He who follows your action (Establishes Meelad-un-Nabi) he shall enjoy acquittance’. (Kitabut-Tanweer fi Maulad Basheerin-Nazeer, Page 25). By the words: ‘This day, this day’, is understood that it was the special day of the celebration of the Beloved Prophet's Birth, that is, the 12th of Rabi ul Awwal, and Hadrat Aamir (Allah be pleased with him) was reciting Moulood Shareef with special feeling.
PROOF No. 21 : A narration from Sahih Muslim: The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam was asked about the fasting on Mondays which he observed. The Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam answered: It is the day I was born and it is the day revelation first descended upon me. (Ad-durarul-Munazzam, Page 139).
The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam did not command the fasting on Mondays but observed it himself as it was the day of his Birth and the day of commencement of revelations, thus this day had special significance for the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam, thus his fasting on that day. So whoever commemorates his birthday and rejoices is the recipient of great good and reward.
To hold Meelad Shareef on a fixed day, to invite, to gather, to celebrate and to establish it, to distribute food and sweets is completely in accordance with the Code of Islam. Prayers, fasting, Friday prayers, the two Eids, the Pilgrimage and all obligations and actions are on fixed days and times. The acceptors of Meelad have reckoned the permissibility of fixation of the function on a certain day in view of the fixed fast of the 10th of Muharram. This deduction is completely correct.
QUOTATIONS FROM THE RULINGS OF THE GRAND MUFTIS OF THE FOUR SCHOOLS REGARDING MEELAD SHAREEF
Proof no. 22 : Allama Jamal Hanafi, Mufti of Makka Mukarrama (Allah's Mercy upon him) was questioned that: Every year during the month of Rabi al-awwal Shareef the celebrations in honour of the Prophets birthday are held, what is your ruling? Is it commendable, as many learned have ruled, like Imam Jalaluddin Suyuti, or is it a bad innovation? ALLAMA Jamal Hanafi (Allah’s Mercy upon him) replies: 'Moulood Shareef is from among the good innovations'. In support hereof Allama Jamal gives reference of Imam Abu Shammah and Imam Sakhawi (Allah’s Mercy upon them). Imam Abu Shammah was the mentor of Allama Nawawi and Allama Imam Sakhawi was the mentor of Allama Mulla Ali Qari Hanafi (Allah be pleased with them all).
Maulana Abdur-Rahman Siraj, Mufti of Makka Mukarrama was asked the same question. Here is his answer: "Meelad Shareef is a Permissible action, that is, a good innovation. The greater majority of the predecessor learned men of Islam have ruled that Meelad Shareef is an action that is commended.
Proof no. 23 : Hadrat Shaykh Abu Bakr Bisouni Maliki (Allah's Mercy be upon him). Mufti of Makka, in attestation of Hadrat Shaikh Jamaal's ruling, writes: "I am informed of this question and whatever the Hanafite Mufti of Makka has clarified, is correct, and definitely in concurrence with the truth".
Proof no. 24 : In support of the fatwa, Hazrat Allama Muhammad Saeed Baseel (Allah's Mercy be upon him). Sha'fi Mufti of Makka Muazzamma, writes: "To celebrate Moulood-un-Nabi is an innovation, however it is an excellent innovation because it comprises of kindness towards the poor, Qur'anic recitations, increased remembrance and Durood Shareef, display of happiness and shows love for the Beloved Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him). And all this is an extreme displeasure for the dirty hearted and hateful dishonourers of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam from among the astray, heretics, disbelievers and polytheists."
QUOTATIONS REGARDING QIYAAM (STANDING IN RESPECT)
Proof no. 25 : Grand Mufti of the Hanafites at Makka Muazzama, Allama Shaikh Abdullah Siraj (Allah’s Mercy upon him) writes: "The standing in honour at the time of the mention of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu alayhi wa Sallam's Birth has been in practice for generations by the great leaders and the judges of Islam, regardless of any opposer thereof, and have established it. Thus it is a commendable act." The words of Abdullah Ibn Masood (Allah be pleased with him) is sufficient: "That action which the people deem good, is good in the eyes of Allah, too."
Proof no. 26 : Allama Jamaal, Mufti of Hanafis at Makka Muazzama writes: "To stand at the mention of the Prophet’s Birth, has been pronounced a commendable action by a group of learned, as it is a good innovation."
Proof no. 27 : Allama Shaykh Siraj (Allah’s Mercy upon him) writes: "To stand at the mention of the Prophet’s Birth is permissible and commended just as the learned of Makka and Madinah, Persia and the followers of the four Imams in Egypt have preferred."
Proof no. 28 : Grand Mufti Hadrat Allama Muhammad Saeed Baseel of the Shafi's writes: "The standing in respect of the Birth remembrance of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam, some learned say it is commendable, and others rule it is a good innovation."
Proof no. 29 : Mufti of Hambalis at Makkah Muazzama, Shaykh Khalf ibni Ibrahim writes: "Standing at the mention of the Beloved Prophet's Birth event is a practice of the learned and people of blessing, as this standing indicated the great honour and respect for the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam, and standing for ones parents, for people of knowledge and leaders of nations is in accordance with the Sunnah."
Proof no. 30 : Hadrat Mawlana Allama Hussain ibni Maliki, Grand Mufti, writes: "Many learned have ruled commendable the standing in respect at the mention of the Beloved Prophet’s Birth."
Proof no. 31 : In the ruling of Mawlana Allama Muhammad Omar ibni Abi Bakr Raees, Mufti of Shafis, Makkah Mukarrmam, is stated: " The standing at the mention of the Prophet's Birth has been commended by the learned of Islam and it is good because the honour and respect of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam is obligatory upon us."
Proof no. 32 : Hadrat Allama Mufti Uthman Hassan Dimyaati Shafi writes from Makkah Mukarrama is his fatwa: " During Moulood Shareef, to stand at the mention of the Prophet's Birth, in respect, is without doubt commendable, acceptable and permissible, and there is no doubt that the one who does it receives great reward and blessing."
Proof no. 33 : The same Allama further writes that: ‘Hadrat Allama Ibni Hajar (Allah's Mercy upon him) states in the book 'Al-Munazzam’, that: "All ways and manners of honour and respect towards the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam, wherein there is no partnering in Allah's Godhood, is permissible according to those whose eyes Allah has enlightened."And now appropriately, Allama Busseeri (Allah's Mercy upon him) says: "Say not what the Nasaraa (Christians) say about their Prophet - Therebesides, praise the Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam, however you want". (Addurarul-Munazzam, Page 181 - 187).
Proof no. 34 : Allama Ibni Hajar in his book 'Maulidatil-kabeer' writes: To stand at the mention of the Prophet's Birth is something the Ahl as-Sunnat wal Jama'at have all agreed upon, as being a commendable action. And the Beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) says: "My followers do not concur upon misguidance and the Hand of Allah is upon the group; and he who deviates, deviates towards the Fire. (Tirmidhi). (Moulidatil-Kabeer, Page 85).
Proof no. 35 : Allama Ibni Hajr states at another place: "It is proven from the Sunnah to stand for others besides the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam, thus in honour of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam it is permissible in the first instance. The proof hereof is the command to stand the Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam gave in respect of Sa'ad ibni Ma'az."
With this Hadeeth with reference of Imam Nawawi, Imam Baghawi and Allama Khattabi (Allah's Mercy on them) state: "To stand for one’s leader, or just ruler, or teacher, is a beloved action."The acceptance of the repentance of Ka'b ibni Malik is related by himself: "I departed to present myself at the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam, and when I entered the Prophet's Mosque I saw him sitting with the Companions around him, whereupon Talha ibni Ubaidullah, on seeing me, stood up, and shook hands with me and congratulated me upon my repentance!" (Moulidital-Labeer, page 93).
Proof no. 36 : Rejecters of this standing (dishonourers of the Beloved Prophet) argue that the Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam forbade the Companions to stand out of respect for him, thus to stand in Meelad Shareef is undesirable and forbidden. A very weak narration of Ibni Majah is quoted as proof (by the rejecters) which is: "Abu Amamah reports that the Beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) came out upon us leaning upon a stick, and we stood up for him; so then he said: do not stand as foreigners stand for each other."
According to all the learned of Hadith this narration has been classed as 'weak' (da'eef) and 'Mud-taribus-sanad'. 'Da'eef' means:
Among the narrators anyone is less intelligent.
The narrator's memory is weak.
Any of the narrators is found to have bad habits or is ignorant.
If any of the narrators have been omitted.
Any of the narrators have been decried by the people.
'Mud-taribus-Sanad' is when:
Narrators have differed about the narration or the actual spoken words of the Hadith.
The narrator has included his own words with the Hadith.
The narrator does not remember the proper sequence of all the preceding narrators.
The narrator does not remember correctly the actual spoken words of the Hadith. To act on such a class of Hadith is not permissible.In the side-commentary on Mishkaat Shareef, Volume 4, page 64, is recorded that: 'the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam was unhappy about the standing because of his extremely humble nature and to give lesson to the habits of the proud and arrogant. The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam says: "Me and the God-fearing of my followers are displeased with extravagance."
Proof no. 37 : Imam, Muhaddith Baihaqi (Allah’s Mercy upon him), Hadrat Imam Ghazali (Allah's Mercy upon him) Abdullah ibni Haj Makki and Allama Muhaddith Ahmad Qustulani (Allah's Mercy upon him), all state that: 'It is permissible to stand for the sake of honour and respect'. It is reported in an authentic Hadith that when Hadrat Sa'd ibni Ma’az came to the Beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) upon the back of his animal, the Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam commanded: 'stand for your leader and take him down'. (Bukhari Shareef).
Thus it is that Hadrat Ibni Qutaiba (Allah be pleased with him) state in the book 'Fathul-Bari', the commentary on 'Bukhari', Volume 25, Page 657, that to stand for any brother is permissible and not forbidden. Hadrat Imam Khattabi (Allah's Mercy upon him) says that to stand for one's chief or just leader or parents, or a student's standing for an aalim, is 'mustahab' (beloved action).
Proof no. 38 : In an authentic Hadith reported by Hadrat Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him), he says: The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam was seated with us in the mosque and speaking to us. When he rose to depart, we all rose with him and remained standing until he entered any of the houses of his wives. (Mishkaat-Kitabul-Adaab, Vol. 4, Page 66).
Proof no. 39 : In yet another authentic narration recorded by Hadrat Aisha - wife of the Beloved Prophet - (Allah be pleased with her), she says: "When Hadrat Fatima, the Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam, he stands and he takes her by the hand, kisses her and seats her on his place of sitting and when the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam visits Hadrat Fatima (Allah be pleased with her) she stands, takes him by the hand, kisses him and seats him in her place of sitting". (Tirmidhi, Abu Daud, Ibni Habbaan and Hakeem authenticate this Hadith).
It is clearly proven through this Hadith that to stand for a brother, an elderly, a learned person, parents, a teacher, a mentor, and to stand in respect and honour at Meelad functions, in Sunnat. Thus, if anyone is against this standing in respect at Meelad gatherings or turns his back and runs away therefrom, or tells others not to attend such gatherings, then such a person, according to the Ahl as-Sunnat wal Jama'at, is a great sinner, and according to some learned, he is one who has sworn the Beloved Prophet (Allah Protect us, Allah Forgive us !).
Proof no. 40 : When, for once the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam stopped the Noble Companions (on whom be peace) from standing for him, then the Great Hadrat Hassan bin Thabit, (Allah be pleased with him), poet of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam, for whose assistance Hadrat Jibraeel (Angel Gabriel) alayhis salaam used to descend, became sad and told all the companions that 'when the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam comes then all of you must stand with me in his honour and respect'. All of them were sitting and waiting when the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam arrived, and as they all stood up, Hadrat Hassan bin Thabit read the following lines:
'Upon me is FARD to stand for my beloved,
And to leave this FARD is not to be guided;
For I am surprised at any who have a mind,
The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam did not withhold his beloved companions (on whom be peace) from standing but smiled and departed. (Al-Mabsoot, Vol., Page 470).
Proof no. 41 : At the end of Meelad Shareef the people stand and hold their hands clasped in front of them in honour and respect and in Urdu or Arabic verse they send salaam upon the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam and address him with the word "YA" (Oh!). All this is acceptable and permissible in the Shariat of Islam. The usage of the word "YA" is not a shirk, nor is there any fear of shirk, nor is it sinful, nor by any way is there negation of belief. In fact to say: "YA NABI, YA RASOOL, YA HABEEB, YA MUHAMMAD", these are Blessed words and to send salaam upon the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa Sallam) with them is an excellent action. Such people are recipients of great reward and they are rightful receivers of intercession.
Proof no. 42 : YA NABI SALAAM ALAIKA, YA HABEEB SALAAM ALAIKA, YA RASOOL SALAAM ALAIKA, SALAWA TULLAH ALAIKA. The word ‘YA’ and ‘AY’ are for addressing. The one who is addressing is called ‘MUNADAA’ and the addresser is called ‘MUNADEE’. If the munadaa has the quality of hearing then the addressing would be ‘real’, like calling a person who is present: YA SAID, "OH ZAID", YA AHMAD, "OH AHMAD", YA MUHAMMAD "OH MUHAMMAD", and if the ‘Munadaa’ cannot hear then the addressing will be metaphorical, like: OH SKY! OH EARTH! ON MOUNTAIN! In the book ‘Sharah Jami’, which is a set book for the Maulvi Degree, it is written:‘Munadaa’ means to address or call the attention for real, like: Oh Zaid! or metaphorically, like Oh Sky! Oh Earth! Because the person or the thing is established which can be addressed then the word of address is affixed to it. By this general law of Arabic grammar is known that it is not necessary for the addressed to hear, to permit the addresser to use the word ‘YA’.
Thus to call YA RASOOL, YA NABI, YA HABEEB, YA MUHAMMAD is permissible even if the contention is that the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam cannot hear. When it is permissible to address the sky and earth and mountains, then to address the master of both worlds, how can it be not permissible? It is not shirk to say ‘YA’, nor is it negation of belief, but in fact in it is definite reward and great recompense.
To say it is shirk to say Ya Nabi, Ya Rasool, Ya Habeeb, is not proven from any Qura'anic verse, nor the Sunnah, nor from any book of belief or law, nor from the words of learned and spiritual leaders, but in fact from the Hadith and the jurists of Islam and from the books of Islam’s learned, there is enough proof of the permissibility of saying YA NABI, YA RASOOL, and those who claim it is shirk, then it is as a result of their unclean minds and astray beliefs.
Proof no. 43 : 'Whomsoever has any need then he must make proper ablution and make two rakaats optional prayers and make this du'a: Oh Allah! definitely I beseech of Thee my need and I turn to Allah through thee in this my need so that it may be realised. Oh Allah! this is my need and accept the intercession of the Most Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam in my favour.' (Hisni-Haseen, Page 109 - reported by Tirmidhi, Nisai, Ibni Majah, Hakim).
Oh claimers of shirk and kufr, look, in clear words in this Hadith is commanded the usage (YA MUHAMMAD) and forever this prayer is established by the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam for the benefit of the entire Ummat. this is a befitting proof for the permissibility of calling out YA RASOOLALLAH, YA HABEEBALLAH, YA NABIYALLAH, YA MUHAMMAD.
Proof no. 44 : In the book 'Jila-ul-ifhaam' by ibni Qayyam, the student of ibni Taymiyya, this Hadith is recorded and all the Muhadditheen and learned accept that this is a very authentic narration: The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam says: ‘There is none that blesses and salutes me but that his voice reaches me’. The Noble Companions (On whom be peace) then required: 'Oh Prophet, will thou hear even after thy passing away? The Beloved Prophet replied: Yes, and even after I pass away! It is for this reason that all people of the Ahl as-Sunnat wal Jama'at address the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam in the second person present, that is they send salaam saying ‘YA’.
Proof no. 45 : In another Hadith the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam says: ‘There is no servant of Allah who sends durood upon me but that I hear him wherever he may be'. (Kitabus-salaat wal bashar - Imam Firozabadi, author of Lugaate - Qamoos).
Proof no. 46 : Allama Ahmad 'Qustulani (Allah's Mercy upon him), commentator of Bukhari Shareef, writes in his book 'Mawahib-Ludunya', Imam Muhammad ibni Haj Makki (Allah's Mercy upon him), writes in his book ‘MADKHAL’ : ‘There is no difference between the states of life and death of the Beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) in his seeing his entire ummat and his cognisance of their states and their intentions and their minds, and this is clear to him; there is no secret thereof to him!' (Mawahib, Page 32, MADKHAL, Page 21).
The lovers of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam in their thousands, from every corner of the earth, clasp their hands in respect and stand and remove their shoes, and with great humility send gift salaams to the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam:
YA NABI SALAAM ALAIKA, YA RASOOL SALAAM ALAIKA
Proof no. 47 : In an authentic Hadith is narrated: ‘Follow the major Group, for whoever deviates from them, will be alone banished to the Fire’. (Ibni Majah, Mishkaat Vol. 1, Page 84).
Proof no. 48 : In a very authentic Hadith: 'My Ummat do not concur upon deviation, Allah's Hand is upon the Group, and he deviated towards the Fire’. (Mishkaat Shareef, Vol. 1, Page 83). 'Removed is the dishonour from the gathering, Stand, so that Allah's Beloved can be honoured. To say that the Meelad an-Nabi function, the salaam and qiyaam (standing) and the food is a bad innovation, is a very severe deviation of the rejecters, and it is irreligious and a great sin.
In fact many learned and the true lovers of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam have rules that such a one (rejecter) is a 'Shatim-ur-Rasool' (abuser of the Prophet). Oh' Allah, show us the TRUTH as truth, and grant us its obedience, And show us the FALSE as false, and grant us its rejection.
Proof no. 49 : Surah Ahzab, Verse 55:
In the comment on this verse the great mujaddid Hadrat Allama Mawlana Husain Kashifi (Allah be pleased with him), who on the direction of an 'Unseen inspiration', commenced on the 1st Muharram of the year 897 Hijri the ‘Tafseer Husaini’, writes from Persia with great humility and respect in honour of the Beloved Prophet (peace be upon him), and with the word ‘YA’ sends Durood and Salaam, thus :
‘Oh Master of all men, your Durood -
Everyday and month, year, morn and eve,
Is upon the tongue.
Whatever else besides Durood and Salaam can we offer,
For we have nothing at hand besides Durood and Salaam’.
(Tasfeer Husaini, Vol. 2, Surah Ahzab, Verse 55).
Proof no. 50 : When the verse 'Innallaha wamalaaikatahu' was revealed, the Noble Companions (on whom be peace) enquired: ‘Oh Messenger of Allah, making Salaam to you we know, but how do we send Durood upon thee? The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam then taught them Durood-e-Ebrahim. Allama Qustulani (Allah’s Mercy upon him), the commentator of Bukhari Shareef, writes that by the words ‘Sallimu-Tasleema’ is meant: ‘Say (Assalaamualaika) - Peace be upon thee, Oh Prophet! That is, Oh Muslims, send salaams upon the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam using terms of address in the present.
The Beloved Companions (peace be upon them) said: ‘Oh Prophet salaam we know, that is, we always address the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam in the present and say:
(Al-Qustulani - Vol. 9, Page 82).
Proof no. 51 : The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam says in an authentic Hadith: ‘Definitely there are many angels of Allah that sojourn the earth and bring the salaam of my ummat to me’. (Narrated by Nisai and Ibni Habban).
Proof no. 52 : The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam says that: ‘Allah The Almighty has placed at my grave an Angel who Allah has granted the power of hearing all creation, thus, whosoever, until the Last Day, sends Durood and Salaam upon me, then this angel relays it to me with the senders and his fathers name, that such, the son of such, has recited blessings upon thee'. Hadrat Allama Sakhawi recorded this Hadith in his book ‘Badee’.
By this Hadith is known that such amicable addresses as YA RASOOL, YA NABI, YA HABEEB are also reported to the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam by the Angels.
Proof no. 53 : The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam says: Whenever anyone sends me Salaam, then Almighty Allah returns my soul to my body (Allah Grants me the sender’s attention), and I myself return his Salaam’. (Narrated by Abu Daud).
By this Hadith is proven that if anybody says YA NABI SALAAM ALAIKA, YA RASOOL SALAAM ALAIKA, YA HABEEB SALAAM ALAIKA, SWALAWAATULIA ALAIKA, the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam himself hears and returns the Salaam of the sender!
Proof no. 54 : Mawlana Ali Qari (Allah’s mercy on him), who is a jurist of the Hanafites and also a Muhaddith, writes in his book 'Sharah Shifa Shareef: ‘Without doubt the soul of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam presents itself in the houses of Muslim!’
It is for this reason Muslims stand in respect when reciting Salaam upon the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam and address him in the present. Allah the Almighty Commands in the Qur'an al-kareem: 'An honour and respect the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam!' (Surah Fatah, Verse 8). In another Qur'anic verse: 'He who has obeyed the Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam, has indeed obeyed Allah'.
Proof no. 55 : Besides, after the Maghrib adhaan, it is permissible, in a loud voice, to send salaam to the Beloved Prophet like:
Assalaatu wassalaamu alaika YA HABEEBALLAH
: The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam
says: 'I hear the Durood of those who love me and I recognise
them' (from Dalailul-Khairaat, Page 2). Thus it is that people stand
and recite salaam because of the attention and presence (Haazir wa
naazir) of the Beloved Prophet Salla
Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam.
: The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam
says: 'Whenever any of you enter the mosque first send salaam upon
the Nabi and thereafter say: 'Oh Allah open the doors of thy Mercy
upon me'. And whenever any of you leave the mosque then first send
salaam to the Nabi, and thereafter say: 'Oh Allah open upon me the
doors of thy Bounty'. (Reported by Abu Daud, Nisai - hisne - Hassen,
this Hadith is proven that one should think of the presence (haazir
and naazir) of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa
Sallam and send salaams. There is respect and honour of
the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa
: In the famous book of jurisprudence, 'Durre-Mukhtar' Vol. 1, Page
228, is explained: The 'Tashahud' (du'a read in the sitting position of
namaaz) must be read in the present and not as the repetition of an
event such as took place during the Me'raj when the 'Tashahud' was
fact one must know and read 'Tashahud' and recite Allah's
Praises then make present (haazir) the Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala
'alayhi wa Sallam and say 'Assalamu alaika ayyahannabiyu ...',
then the salaam upon the present congregation and the pious peoples,
and then the testament of the Oneness of Allah and the Messengership
of the Prophet Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam. This then
constitutes the 'Tashahud'.
in namaaz we are guided to say in the present: Assalamu alaika
ayyahannabiyu, that is, in the middle of Allah's Worship (namaaz) we
are told to make salaam and realise that the Prophet Salla Allahu
ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam is present! Then indeed out of namaaz it
is permissible in the first instance. The Beloved Prophet Salla
Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam himself hears this salaam and in
return himself answers. And this is proof for his presence and for
the standing respectfully, when sending salaam.
Proof no. 59 : Now, is forwarded the words and sayings of the great learned and pious leaders and spiritual mentors of the Ahl as-Sunnat wal Jama'at, who have all addressed the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam, as 'haazir' and 'naazir' (present and seeing) and in their daily prayers and wazeefas called out 'YA RASULALLAH', YA HABEEBALLAH, YA NABIYYALLAH'. Hadrat Mawlana, Mufti Shah Abdul Aziz of India, 'Muhaddith of Delhi', calls out, mindful that the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam is haazir and naazir, from Madressa Raheem Baksh in Delhi, saying:
THE MOON WAS LIT UP FROM THE LIGHT OF YOU FACE
IT IS NOT POSSIBLE TO PRAISE THEE BEFITTINGLY
Azizi, Surah alam Nashrah).
: Allama Muslihuddeen Shaykh Saadi (Allah's Mercy upon him)
from Shiraz, beholding the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu
ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam as 'haazir' & 'naazir', with great
humility, and standing with respect - he reads:
thee Peace, Oh Prophet of all guidance!
Proof no. 61 : Hadrat Allama Jami (Allah's Mercy upon him), accepting from Shiraz the 'haazir & naazir' Prophet of Allah, with great humility asks for help, calling out and addressing thus:
All Earth trembles at your departure!
I come to thee with a colossus of sin
Bent and tired am I at the weight thereof.
Guide me to thy court and presence
That I walk upon my forehead in respect,
- Allama Jami).
Proof no. 62 : Hadrat Shaykh, lover of the Prophet, Imam Muhammad ibni Saeed Buseeri (Allah's Mercy upon him), accepting the Beloved Prophet as 'haazir' & 'naazir' in front of him, addressed in the present, humbly seeking help:
Besides thee there in none for support,
whom I can turn to in difficulties?'
Burda Shareef, Page 11).
no. 63 :
Hadrat Imam Zaynul-Abideen, son of Hadrat Imam Husain (Allah be
pleased with him), Martyr of Karbala, imprisoned, knowing the Beloved
Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam is 'haazir' &
'naazir', calls to his illustrious grandfather from prison in the
'Oh Mercy of the Universe, Seek out Zaynul-Abideen
He is prisoner at the hands of transgressors
Proof no. 64 : Imam al-A'zam Hadrat Abu Hanifa (Allah be pleased with him), Imam of all Ahl as-Sunnat wal Jama'at, knowing the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam as 'haazir', with great respect and honour, calls from Kufa thus:
'Oh Best of Creation, Oh Treasure of Allah's Mercy,
Give to me what Allah has bestowed upon thee
And Allah made thee happy, so grant me joy!
Oh Taha, Indeed thou art elevated above all Prophets,
Pure is He Who has Ascended thee in a Night of Nights'.
QASIM NANOTVI (Deobandi)
Proof no. 65 : Maulvi Qasim Nanotvi, founder of Deobandi school, bathed and with ablution, with both hands clasped, lowered shoulders, bowed head and bare feet, accepting the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam as 'haazir' & 'naazir' in front of him, calls for help thus: 'Help me Oh kindness of Ahmad, for besides thee,
is none helper for Qasim, the helpless!'. (Qasaid
Qasimi Deobandi, Page 8).
Proof no. 66 : Imdadullah Muhajire Makki, a noted spiritual mentor admired by even the Deobandis, himself a lover of Meelad an-Nabi and Salaam and Qiyaam, understands the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam as 'haazir' & 'naazir', and with great respect and humility, recites:
'The ship of thy Ummat Allah has placed in thy care, As thou wishest let it sail, or sink it, YA RASOOLALLAH!'
no. 67 :
Khawaja Hasan Sanjeri (Allah's Mercy upon him), student of Khawaja Nizamuddin Awliya (Allah's Mercy upon him) from
Delhi, accepting the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi
wa Sallam as 'haazir' and 'naazir', addresses the Beloved Prophet
Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam in the present:
Hundred Salaams from poor Hasan
Proof no. 68 : Mawlana Murshadana Khawaja Shams ut-Tabrizi (Allah be pleased with him), teacher to Mawlana Jalaluddin Rumi (Allah's Mercy upon him) beholds the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam 'haazar' & 'naazir', in his presence, calls out with great love:
The One Creator,
Thou art the only devotee of The Pure and
no. 69 :
Hadrat Khawaja-e-Khwajagaan, Khawaja Muinuddin Hasan Chisti Ajmeri, from Ajmer, seeing the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala
'alayhi wa Sallam 'haazir' & 'naazir', in front of him,
addresses in the present thus: 'YA RASOOLALLAH, I have hope in your
intercession. Even though I have thousands of wrongdoings'. BY ALL
THESE PROOFS have been clearly established that to think of the
Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam as being
'haazir' and 'naazir' (present and seeing), and to address him with the
word 'YA', is an action of great good and an opportunity for
and Honourers of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi
wa Sallam address the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala
'alayhi wa Sallam only in the present, that is, with the word
'YA'. All the learned of the Ummat have concerned on the fact that to
address or call the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa
Sallam with the word 'YA' and viewing him as 'haazir' and
'naazir', is permissible and productive of great reward. Great men of
learning stated: 'THERE IS NO FAITH IN HIM WHO HAS NO LOVE FOR THE
PROPHET Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam AND HE HAS NO
RELIGION WHO HAS NO CLEAR FAITH ABOUT THE PROPHET Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam)'.
TO QUESTION 5
doubt after 'TARWEEHA' (after every four rakaats during
Taraweeh prayers) for the Imaam to lift his hands up and make
du'a loudly (Commonly known as 'Fateha'), in the Shariat of
Islam, it is completely permissible. There is no forbiddance against
it, and that which Islam does not forbid, can never become forbidden.
a Hadith is reported: 'Du'a is the kernel (essence) of worship'.
(Reported by Tirmidhi). Yet in another Hadith: 'Du'a is in fact
worship'. This authentic Hadith is recorded by Abu Daud, Nisai and in
the Masnad of Imam Ahmad).
jurists and especially the Hanafite jurists and learned have all made
permissible, after every four rakaats of taraweeh prayers, du'a
tasbeeh and tahleel; subsequently in the books 'Tahtawi Shareef' and
'Durr-e-Mukhtar'is stated that after every four rakaats of taraweeh,
recites this du'a: 'Subhana Malikil Hayyil lazi laa yamootu Subbuhan
Quddusu Rabbana wa Rabbul-Malaaikatu war-Rooh', and thereafter the
full du'a of: La ilaha illallahu Nastagh firullaha wa nasalukaljannah
wa na-oozu bika minannaar ...'(Durre-Mukhtar. Vol. 1, Page 326).
Besides these du'as, there is permission to read others.
TO QUESTION 6
the sermon on Friday and before the Imam ascends the pulpit to recite
'tarquiyya' (innallaha wa malaaikatahu) the complete verse of the
Qur'an al-kareem, aloud, is, according to Hanafi and Shafi'i Schools,
completely acceptable and permissible. In fact all the jurists and
the Muhadditheen and all four Imams (Allah be pleased with them),
rule it is permissible.
Imam Abu Hanifa's (Allah's Mercy upon him) two students, Imam Abu Yusuf and Imam Muhammad (Allah's Mercy upon them), who are called 'Sahibain'(the two companions), and whose rulings and jurisprudence constitutes two thirds of the Hanafite School, that if their rulings are ignored, it will make hollow the Hanafite School, have, concerning 'tarqiyya' ame nded Imam Abu Hanifa's (Allah be pleased with him) saying: Thus in the Hanafite law, according to 'Sahibain' (Allah be pleased with them) it is permissible to recite 'tarqiyya' because the reciter thereof causes the listeners to recite Durood and Salaam upon the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam and this action comes under 'Amr bil Ma'roof' (Commanding of good). This is not only permissible but in fact Mustahab (commended) and an action of great reward, and the opportunity for being a candidate to the Intercession of the Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam.
fi Sharhi), Ghuraril Ahkaam, Vol. 1, Page 137 and Durre-Mukhtar,
Vol. 1, Page 379).
SHAREEF: 'Definitely the best of your days is the Jummah, so increase
upon me Durood on that day, for without doubt your Durood is
presented to me.'The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi
wa Sallam enquired: How will our Durood be presented to thee as
thou shalt be dust? The Beloved Prophet Salla Allahu ta'ala
'alayhi wa Sallam replied: Indeed Allah has forbidden upon the
earth the bodies of the Prophets. That is Allah has forbade the earth
to decompose the bodies of all Prophets (Reported by Abu Daud).
HADITH : Hadrat Anas (Allah be pleased with him)
to SHAFI'I LAW: All jurists of the Shafi'ite School state that before
Jummah to recite the famous verse (Innallaha . . .) is a good
action - in fact it is Mustahab, beloved and commended. This
verse invites each and every 'musalli', each and every Mosque to
recite on Jummah day Durood and salaam, and the famous Hadith
invites the people to remain silent while listening to the Khutba.
Shafi'i jurists and learned have even stated that the Beloved
Prophet (abundant peace and blessings upon him) at Mina on the
occasion of the 'Farewell Pilgrimage', directed somebody to silence
and congregation before commencement of the sermon. Thus it is then
sunnat for the Imam on the Jummah before the Khutba, to call
for silence and the one who recites 'tarqiyya' is doing just that.
(Tuhafatul-Muhtaj Vol. 1, Page 276).
from the Muslim Digest South Africa :
By Janab Atif Sabri